Brian is a 21 year-old college student who weighs 170 pounds and is 5 feet 10 inches tall. He lives with several roommates in a house near his campus. Brian leads a moderately active lifestyle by playing basketball and occasionally lifting weights at the campus gym. He enjoys eating pizza or burgers and drinking beers with his friends. However, Brian thinks that the pizza and burgers are not healthy foods, so occasionally he changes dietary gears. For a day or two Brian nearly fasts. However, on these fasting days, he still allows himself to drink beer, and once a day he has a small bowl of cooked carrots and peas.Generally Brian hasn’t been feeling his best: he has trouble sleeping, especially when he does his “fast,” and notices his gums bleed after brushing his teeth. To figure out what is causing these symptoms he looks at his food intake on a particular, and typical, Saturday. It is as follows:Breakfast:Two frosted strawberry Pop TartsSuper 20 ounce GatoradeLunch:Big MacSupreme Super Size friesSuper size CokeApple pieAfternoon snack:Two cans Bud Light beerDinner:Three slices of Pizza Hut Supreme pan pizzaEight cans Bud Light beerSnack:One slice Pizza Hut Supreme pan pizzaHere is an analysis of his diet:NutrientAmount%RDACalories4446153Protein114 g197Dietary Fiber18.9 g—Vitamin A424 RE42Thiamin – B13.18 mg212Riboflavin – B23.29 mg194Niacin – B345 mg237Vitamin B62.41 mg185Vitamin B125.2 mcg260Folacin472 mcg118Vitamin C51.5 mg86Vitamin D1.06 mcg11Vitamin E21 mg210Calcium1600 mg133Iron24.8 mg248Magnesium361 mg103Phosphorus1670 mg139Zinc9.5 mg86Alcohol113 g—Calorie Breakdown %kcalProtein10Carbohydrate45Fat27Alcohol18Assignment: Answer each of the following questions in the text box provided at the end of the lesson. Please number each of the questions.Which water-soluble vitamins does Brian have too much or too little of?Would you recommend that Brian take supplements for the vitamins he lacks in his diet? Why or why not?Why does Brian have trouble sleeping, especially when he restricts his diet?What can he do to stop his gums from bleeding so easily?How might Brian’s alcohol intake be affecting his nutrition status?
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