1. Compare and contrast the functionalist and conflict theory perspectives on the social role of education.
  2. ‘by just about every criterion of achievement, middle-class pupils in maintained schools do better than working-class children’ (Bartlett and Burton). Why is this?
  3. What is the ‘gender gap’ in educational attainment? To what extent is this a cause for concern?
  4. Do ethnic minority pupils ‘under-achieve’ in UK schools?