Complete 9 pages APA formatted article: National Health Insurance Program in Ghana. The government marginalizes sex workers as not of interest, therefore the disease is not given the due consideration in the newly democratized stated (Howley, 2010, p. 367).
The prevention of HIV/AIDS through behavior modification has been a primary resource for addressing the disease (Howley 2010, p. 186). According to the International Monetary Fund (2006), HIV/AIDS issues are recognized as a threat to the “socioeconomic development of the country through its potential impact on human capital development, productivity, and social services delivery“(p. 109). In 2006 the following measures were taken in working towards the prevention of the disease within the nation of Ghana:
The following table shows the number of people who were benefiting from ART as of December 2006. At that time, there were 50,942 people in need of services with only 7,338 benefiting from art which represents only 14.4% of those in need(International Monetary Fund, 2006, p. 109).
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Ghana has seen a decline in poverty from 39.5% in 1998 to 1999 years to 28.5% in 2006 (African Development Bank., & OECD, 2008). In addition, there has been a concerted effort on the part of the government to address the needs of its citizens in regard to health care. According to former President of Ghana, Jerry John Rawlings, Ghana suffers from a poor system of health care that is lead by a staff of insensitive and unprofessional medical personal and complicated by poor infrastructure and a lack of equipment. The staffs of hospitals are burdened by a lack of everything, thus leaving them jaded and without motivation (Modernghana.com 2010). In addition, the National Health Insurance Scheme that has been put into place is beleaguered by problems and is not providing the much-needed services that the people need in order to have adequate health care.
The National Health Insurance Scheme is the product of the administration led by John Kufuor. However, one of the exceptions to the insurance plan that was developed is the antiviral medications needed for HIV (Ghanaweb, 2010).