Nursing and Psychology Questions

Nursing and Psychology Questions

Surveillance Data
1. If you work in the health care field please provide an example of surveillance data that you or your agency/department/office submits to local, state, or federal agencies. If you do not work with these directly, can you locate an example? If possible, also please include how often a report is submitted and how the information is used.
Looking forward to hearing from you,

3-D Mammography

2. Thank you for discussing validity and sensitivity of mammograms, Doreen.
Many women (43% of women ages 40 to 74 years), myself included, have dense breast tissue which makes identifying abnormal tissue more difficult (Breastcancer.org, 2016). Some solutions include using 3-D mammography or breast ultrasound for regular screening since they can detect more cancers in dense breasts (Breastcancer.org, 2016). These tests can help prevent false-positive tests, which is when a screening test finds an area that looks like cancer but turns out to be normal (Breastcancer.org, 2016).
I have had false positive tests that needed to be repeated, have any of you had any similar experiences?

Reference
Breastcancer.org. (2016). Adding 3-D Mammography or Ultrasound to Regular Screening Finds More Cancers in Dense Breasts. http://www.breastcancer.org/research-news/add-3d-mammo-or-ultrasound-to-dense-breast-screening

 

Mind, body and psychotherapy

3. Well, I have personal confession to make.  Many years ago, my wife an LICSW, did a number of workshops with Jon Kabat Zinn on mindfulness.  Well, I was probably and associate professor at the time heavily committed to quantitative analysis, evidenced based practice and being an all-around hard scientist (i.e, annoying). As a result of which, I condescendingly  ignored what my wife was learning in her mindfulness workshops.  Then years later, did some workshops with Steve Hayes, (ACT) with an number of other ACT practitioners.  I discovered mindfulness!.  My wife was much more forgiving about my new found meaning of mindfulness! (Well, mostly forgiving).

When I work my horse, play tennis, and play music, I practice mindfulness.

The problem with alternative therapies

An Article is Attached

4. As we think about the question posed by this DQ, it is important to think critically about “alternative therapies”. 

The opening line of the attached article on pseudoscience and psychiatry is:

“As Nobel prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman reminded us, “the first principel is that you must not fool yourself, and your are the easiet person to fool.”

Psychology and particularly psychotherapy has historically been plagued by pseudoscientific therapies and charlatans. Our job as scientists is to think critically and separate the wheat from the chaff.

Your thoughts?

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4679160/pdf/cjp-2015-vol60-dec2015-531-533.pdf