The reading this week concerns nutrition during childhood. After the readings, you should be able to discuss and explain the nutrient needs during childhood (ages 1-10 years) and different nutrient needs for certain conditions. These readings will prepare you to speak with parents and children about providing and consuming proper nutrition. The following reading is available in your Digital Book: • Chapter 7, pages 237–246: “Special Topics in School-Aged Nutrition: Pediatric Vegetarianism, Childhood Overweight, and Food Allergies” • Chapter 8, pages 279–289, 299–308: “Special Topics in Preadolescence and Adolescent Nutrition: Dietary Guidelines for Athletes, Pediatric Diabetes, and Disordered Eating” Answer the following questions: • Becky is a 15 year old female present in your office. For the past 6 months she has only been eating two meals per day and runs about 1 hour per day. She has little time to spend with friends because she is taking advanced classes and has to study every day. She goes to bed around 2 a.m. after finishing up her homework. She then wakes up at 7 a.m. and needs to be at school by 7:45 a.m. Her current height is 5’8” and weight is 116 pounds. Six months ago she thinks she weighed 130 pounds. • • • ……. ….. • • This is her current diet intake: • – 7:30 am: • 8 oz. of tomato juice • • – 12 p.m.: • o 2 pieces of whole wheat bread, 3oz of lunchmeat, and 2 slices of tomato • o 6 oz of low fat yogurt • o Bottle of water • • – 4 pm: • o 1 large banana (maybe) • • – 7 pm: • o 1 cup of pasta • o 3 oz of skinless chicken breast • o ¼ cup of marinara sauce • o 1 large salad (lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers, and carrots), no dressing • o Bottle of water • • 1. Describe one cognitive and one psychosocial change Becky may be experiencing as an adolescent. • 2. What are at least two assessment techniques to determine Becky’s nutritional status? Consider her height and weight, weight loss, and diet. • 3. On average, how many calories would Becky need on a daily basis? • 4. What nutrients would you make sure she is consuming? • 5. What are two social factors that influence the food choices and nutrition status of adolescence • •
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