American Capitalism Research Paper
Contexts (Topic Development) Developing a Topic (entry: 1200-1500 word Double Spaced, 12pt font; each peer response: 200-300 words) From the Guidelines for the Context Project, you can download here: This first project, the CP, asks you to do two things: (1) research and deploy various types of sources to describe, contextualize, and analyze a significant contemporary political/social/cultural problem. (2) summarize and evaluate conversations and debates happening between credible scholars, thinkers, and organizations about your topic. Before you can begin to think about critical evaluation, you must work, as all professional researchers do, to acquire a broad understanding of the topic as a contemporary problem. By using the 1619 Project as a starting point, you will find a breadth of subjects with which you can deep dive and research to find a modern problem and your topic. You were assigned to read 3 or more pieces from the 1619 project to begin: Capitalism (Links to an external site.), by Matthew Desmond A Broken Health Care System (Links to an external site.), by Jeneen Interlandi Traffic (Links to an external site.), by Kevin M. Kruse Undemocratic Democracy (Links to an external site.), by Jamelle Bouie Medical Inequality (Links to an external site.), by Linda Villarosa American Popular Music (Links to an external site.), by Wesley Morris Sugar (Links to an external site.), by Khalil Gibran Muhammad Mass Incarceration (Links to an external site.), by Bryan Stevenson The Wealth Gap (Links to an external site.), by Trymaine Lee Why Can’t We Teach This? (Links to an external site.) by Nikita Stewart Your first task is to develop a basic vocabulary for defining the topic and the problem associated with it. Begin to articulate the “key terms” and “key players” involved in your 1619 issue. What is the vocabulary used by the experts to describe the issue? Who or what occasioned the controversy and what are its effects? You’ll begin by locating, reading, finding key terms, summarizing, and evaluating some credible sources from 1619 articles, investigative journalism, reports, and peer-reviewed journals. To ensure that your source is credible, you might initially avoid a broad Google search, and just use the search engines within the sites offered to you by the UCI 39C Research Guide Black Lives MatterLinks to an external site.. It is by no means a complete list, but if you need help you can always reach out to me, and we can schedule an office appointment. Once you find an assortment of sources, do the following while reading: Look for problems as you read. Make a Document that allows you to cut and paste key passages and to make notes on the source as you read. You should do this sort of organized note-taking for every source so that you don’t have to waste time trying to find information you read and remember but later forgot where to find it. You should also consider using assistant software like Zotero (free version online (Links to an external site.)) to help you store, manage and take notes on your sources. Complete the assignment below and then paste it into the text entry. THEN ALSO paste into the DISCUSSION BOARD TITLED: CP1 Developing a Topic Peer Review simply by hitting “reply” under the instructions: 1. Once you read the formal CP assignment instructions (under Files), please record any questions you have about the assignment. If you do not have any questions, please write: I HAVE READ THE FORMAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CP AND I DO NOT HAVE ANY QUESTIONS AT THIS TIME. 2. Record a minimum of TEN (10) sources you found for the topic in MLA formatting. If you don’t know how to properly use MLA, consult the Online Writing Lab at Purdue (Links to an external site.) Be sure you use a variety of genres from peer-reviewed journal articles written by and for experts to investigative reporting by journalists for the general public to organization essays or reports written by experts for a general audience. For annotating purposes, at least FIVE (5) sources should be from that list. Consult the Annotated Bibliography How-to and FAQs or AGWR Chapter 4, “Discovering Sources” on Top Hat, here (Links to an external site.). 3. Under the MLA citation of Peer-Reviewed, Investigative journalism, book chapter, organization or government reports, or any other well-researched source, include a paragraph length annotation that includes the following: –the author’s profession (e.g., “Nikole Hannah-Jones argues that…” and/or particular area of focus (e.g., “In her capacity as a Pulitzer Prize winning Journalist, Nikole Hannah Jones argues that…”) –a brief description of the topic or problem the author addresses and, if applicable, his or her argument. If no argument, describe the source’s purpose. –if applicable, a description of key pieces of evidence the author uses to advance his or her claims, using key phrases from the source (integrate quotations; do not quote entire sentences) –if applicable, a description of any counter arguments or obstacles to the author’s argument(s) –a description of how that purpose connects to your project. 4. Including the following details, compose a one to two (1-2) page description or overview of your research project. — Describe a social injustice in the 1619 project you will investigate by presenting the “who what when where how” of your topic-problem (e.g., what is the problem, who does it affect and how; when did the problem begin and why: key events, public perceptions, court cases, policies/laws; timeframes; government organizations, institutions or private companies that have a stake in perpetuating the problem along with how they stand to gain; other relevant details) 5. Include a list of key research terms: Good “keywords” are specific: they involve legislation, policy, court cases, organizations and government institutions, names of important figures. Keywords should always help you to find relevant, related sources. Also, keep a separate file for key terms, dates, policies, events, people, etc that you find in the articles you read that will help you to develop a vocabulary for discussing the specific policies, legislation, and/or other key players and related issues. Example: Good key research terms: “Pigford v. Glickman” ; “Dred Scott v. Sandford” ; “Civil Rights Act of 1964” ; “Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co.” ; ” First Step Act” Poor key research terms: “the thirteenth amendment” “mass incarceration ” “inequity” 6. Include at least three (3) specific fact-based questions that you want for your research to answer for you. Good fact-based questions try to understand the facts before making judgments: What is the did the Dred Scott Decision do to African American Citizens? What is the difference between Civil Rights and Civil Liberties? How did the Three-Fifths Compromise affect our modern voting process? How does the Black Caucus function in Congress? What is critical race theory and its role in first amendment arguments? How do companies use the Thirteenth amendment for labor. Poor questions (note that poor questions are opinionated, riddled with assumptions and generalizations): Why does Trump hate the 1619 Project? Why do Black People hate the Trump Administration? Why doesn’t the government do more for Black people? When you are finished, you have until Friday 10/23 by 11:59pm, to review two (2) other posts with useful and specific suggestions or comments (Note: that while it is nice to be positive, simply pointing out that you like a topic without offering clear, specific guidelines or suggestions can be misleading). Constructive criticism means just that: criticism followed by some suggestions for construction(e.g., “You need more sources in this paragraph. A great source for the claim you have here can actually be found on page 1, where you talk about…” Or “Have you thought about using…?” Note, too, that offering other source suggestions the author hasn’t yet found is always a bonus! I just wanted to make sure everyone understood. 5 of your sources have to be found by Google Scholar, CQ Research or the Libary Research Guide. The other 5 can be googled, news sources, or books. AND After you read your three (3) 1619 Project Articles or Essays, CHOOSE 1 to house your broader topic, and from that broader topic, research and find sources until you find your one (1) specific topic. EX: If you read Sugar, your broad topic is Agriculture Inequity, but a specific topic could be Racially Inequitable Bank Loan Policy Propped Up by the US Department of Agriculture. If you read Mass Incarceration your broad topic is Mass Incarceration but a specific topic could be Southern Penitentiaries Use 13th Ammendment Loophole to Replace Slave Labor with Prison Labor. If you read Why Can’t We Teach This your broad topic is Education but your specific topic could be State Run Departments of Education Define US History Differently Based on Local Politics. If you read The Wealth Gap your broad topic is The Economy but your specific topic could be 150 years after the end of Slavery in America Reparations is still a contentious issue among legislators.