Architecture and Landscapes of Urban Slavery in North America

1.  With the labor needs rising to produce sugar, tobacco, and cotton, the New World had issues finding some help. The Europeans would travel back and forth from the West Indies and South America to Europe to transport sugar and other goods. The Europeans went on a search for labor and ended up in Africa (Schultz, 2017). African kingdoms wanted to take advantage of the European trade deals and decided to trade many of their people for goods. The demand for African slaves was growing rapidly, the needs couldn’t be met. Europeans would raid African villages to capture slaves. They were then transported to the New World, where they were chained, kept in closed quarters, and beat (Chew, 2018).

Once they arrived in America, they were auctioned and bought by business owners and farmers. Slaves were all over. In the North, they were treated more humanly while the South treated them inhumanly. They were beaten and murdered by their owners. As for what they did for labor, “most slaves were field hands who grew sugar cane, rice, tobacco, or cotton” (Schultz, 2017). African women would work either in the field and or given tasks in the home. African slaves played a vital part in the rise and success of America.

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Chew, R. (2018). Slavery in the City: Architecture and Landscapes of Urban Slavery in North America ed. by Clifton Ellis and Rebecca Ginsburg (review). Journal of Southern History, 84(4), 991–993. https://doi-org.bethelu.idm.oclc.org/10.1353/soh.2018.0270

Schultz, K. M. (2017). HIST, Volume 1. [Savant Learning Systems]. Retrieved from https://savantlearningsystems.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781337516600/