Resisting the Wars Mutinies in France Revolutions in Russia

Resisting the Wars Mutinies in France Revolutions in Russia hey appeared to Jsylum. One day, ne like lnm Kevolution in Russia the He the tening-post. first natics will take week of at large. T 1ake no no in freedom now,” was hre painfully for me a week| week h e front became a veritable insane the ordersetused,e from revol a stunmed. 32.3 Tevolution, I ordered baba” a he ldier to take up duty at soldier snortca “Ican betorc. AndWhy,nowthis very Sinorted, I was overwhelming T please. We have “Ha, ha,” he he was sam C soldier would have Flushed with cha “You carn through I ng ata me. it seemed gone go so incredible. Can 1? I will show you a railed. sneering grin, seized ho yoursclf.” answered: made talked to the soldiers. guard his frecdom!” ers, way the greater appealing their revo tion imposed listening-po They agreed that the defene. the rifle and And I climbed.over th emainedon on duty for the fuP andzn Oed: duty for the fulll two hours. to to he post where I to nting i t o n t us. injunction to pline? pline? The But men were to defense didn’t the create their own in a honor responsi b i l i t i e s upon country revolution oI h the was the see no the and argui man in most control of bring them also important the high that the ranks. task con- with the state of army, my, and the freedom, abolition of disciSeeing thatatIIcould but obedience was concould not Dut obediend get my men to perform of the the army and sent home. traryto their ideas of libert cheir duties,I went to the Com th released from sense of Commander good in sticking here and enthusiasm, Company and and asked to be want to be out of t. I can’t get my mendoing to do anythingII said, said. “If this is war, then I insane, “Have you gone the asked. “Why, if apeasant yourself,.one of them, beloved by all the you, who are wourself, 1. hauld we oficers do Yashka? It 1s the nothing” Commander rank and file, can’t remain, then obigation of the service that-we the men awake.l am having my own stay to the lae voice. “I can’t have my way, either. So troubles, Yashka,” he confided, in a you see, we ill havegot to stick it out.” are all in the same boat. We It was abhorrent to my feelings, but I remained. Little by little things improved. The soldiers’ committees began to function, but did not interfere with the nilitary phases of our life. Those of the officers who had been disliked thepurely by men, or who had had records typical of Tsaristic officials, disappeared with the revolutin., Even Colonel Stubendorf, the Commander of the Regiment, was gone, retir8 perhaps because of his German name. Our new Commander was Kudriavtze, popular officer. DISCiphne was gradually reestablished. It was not the old discipline. Its basis was nger dread of punishment. It was a discipline founded on the high sense of 1D1ity that was soon instilled into the gray mass of soldiery. Irue, there was between us and the enemy. There were even the beginnings of the ighting dternizatio plague that later destroyed the mighty Russian Army. But the solTesponded to the ppeals from the Provisional Government and the Soviet in 324 Dissent, Mutiny and Revoution the early weeks of the spring of 1917. They were ready to carry out unflinc: hingy any order from Petrograd. Those were still the days of immense possibilities. The men worshinna ipped he liberty and equali distant figures in the rear who had brought them the boon of liberty and equalit We knew almost nothing of the various parties and factions. Peace Peace was was the the sole thought of the men. They were told that peace could not come without defeatin or overthrowing the Kaiser. We, therefore, all expected the word fora gene advance. Had that word been given at that time nothing in the world could h have withstood our pressure. Nothing. The revolution had given birth to ntal forces in our hearts that defied and ever will defy description. Then there began a pilgrimage of speakers. There were delegates from th army, there were members of the Duma, there were emissaries the element Soviet. Almost every day there was a meeting, were elections. We sent delegates to Corps Headquarters, delegates of and almost Headquarters to a congress in Petrograd every other day there and delegates to Armv Petrograd delegates to consult with the Government. The were all almost speakers eloquent. They painted beautiful pictures of Russia’s future, of universal brotherhood, of happiness and prosperity. The soldiers’ would eyes light up with the glow of hope. More than once even I was those caught by enticing traps ot eloquence. The rank and file were carried away to an enchanted land by the orators and rewarded them with tremendous ovations. and There were speakers of a different kind, too. These solemnly appealed for a realization of the immediate which the revolution duty of the army. Patriotism imposed upon the shoulders was their They called us to defend our country, ready at any moment for ankeynote. much-desired victory and peace. Theattack to drive the Germans out and win the soldiers responded to these calls to equal enthusiasm. They were duty with ready, would they swear. Was there any doubt that they were? No. The Russian soldier to be a hundred-fold now. The first It was loved his Mother Country before. He loved her signs of spring arrived. The rivers had muddy, but the earth was broken, the ice had thawed. fragrant. The winds were laden fields odors. They were with intoxicating carrying across tidings of new era. There was the vast fields and valleys of Mother-Russia spring in our souls. It suffering a people and seemed that our longcountry were being born for a new live, live, live. life, and one wanted to But there, a few hundred feet away, were the souls did not commune Germans. They were not free. Their with God. Their hearts unusual spring. They were still knew not the immense slaves, joy of this and dom. They stretched they would not let us themselves over the fair lands alone in our tree retire. They had to be of our removed before we could country and would not were ready to embark remove them. We upon a life of peace. were We the order to show them what Free awaiting leap at their throats and Russia could do. But wait? Why not strike while the iron was hot? why was the order postponed? Wny 325 a r ; Revolution in Russia i n t h e t h e r e r e a r ; i n t o Ocean of talk an was allowed to cool. hsolute inactivity at the front. And as hoursfirstgrew sprouts iorth out of this inactivity the eks there sprang for a drink e r here of tea!” a voice from the There was iron o u r Come itselt across No Man’s Land the Germans. to And days and aternization. days u l d a d d r e s s a f r o m t h e r e ould w o u l d t r e n c h e s from voices one Then r e s p o n d : “Come over For several here fora drink days they did soldier from our norning a wanted ingthat he mo. he was flocked met to “Why Tsar and by to talk a German of vodka!” not midst announc- such mutual go beyond No i came out openly things over. He stopped and engaged in an Land, field, where Man’s of the center From both soldiers sides a r g u m e n t . over the thrown the debaters. en. our men war?” asked do you continue the insists we want in the su peace, but your home.” will Kaiser on “We have Kaiser over your Throw war. deceived. iy make “You are go to German. rre effu us se ed d and a n s w e r e d the Tsar Tsar know the truth,” We a r e But your winter. But “You dont last the w a r . Allies in the all continue offered peace to to Russia to our Kaiser are forcing Allies argument And now your German peace. the how it t o saw for peace.” Land and and gave always ready Man’s No vodka along the soldiers in brought w a s with then both sides to a continue impressed our boys. them. Some of the Germans had 1) Respectively, ________ and _________ would be the defining British and French memories of World War 1: Group of answer choices A) Brusilov; the Somme b) The Somme; Verdun c) Jutland; Gallipoli d)The Marne; Isonzo 2) Which event triggered the United States Congress to declare war on Germany? Group of answer choices A)Germany’s resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare B) The sinking of the Lusitania C)Receiving the Zimmerman note D)The Bolshevik Revolution 3) Fighter pilots engaged in combat in World War 1, but bombers would not be used until World War 2. Group of answer choices A )True B) False 4) The Bolsheviks had all of the following advantages in their October 1917 coup (choose all that apply): Group of answer choices A)Demoralized opponents B)Widespread support among soldiers and sailors C) The strength of numbers D)Promising easy answers to people’s immediate problems E) Superior organization 5)Describe 3 major ways that countries fighting in World War 1 controlled citizens (on the homefront or the fighting front) to keep them supporting the war, with examples or evidence. (No more than 5 sentences). …