A Bar at the Folies-Bergère

A Bar at the Folies-Bergère

Written Assignment 1: List of summarized preliminary questions, ideas, theses, or hypotheses you have about the writing and presentation of your work of art in the past

In other words, what are the main issues concerning this important work? These can concern some mystery, some question of facts, some dating issue, some attribution issue, some ownership issue, some issue with respect to authenticity, meaning, stylistic development or function, or some concerns about the constructions of sexuality, gender, race, ethnicity or class. Have some scholars classified this work within various categories, e.g. medieval as opposed to Renaissance, art as opposed to craft, authentic as opposed to made for the tourist market?

My answer:

· Eye movement and contact of the figures in the painting

· Figure reflection (strange figure) which has a lot of different analyses

· What are some changes the artist did through painting before the final result?

· Face expression is she absent? board? While she is in glittering space

· Why her hands were non-gloved and if we look at that time period ladies in that time have always worn gloves. is the artist wants to deliver message regarding the women? If so, what is it?

· The way she dressed. Is it something related to sexual ambiguity?

· What is the artist’s point of perception indrawing the picture, frontal or right?

· What do the arranges signify, the ending of like to the ill artist or are they signifying prostitution as indicated by the ideology of women in the bar?

· The blossom which are perfectly placed in a frontal way what do they signify?

· The art is in form of an image with a man with a flat hat standing next to the woman, but the body language and everything shows something different, what was really happening? Could they be in separate places and working at different angles?

· There is a bottle of English beer in the frontal aspects of the bar, could it signify the pleasures of life and why its English wine? The pleasure of the body are they still alluded by the woman in the painting mostly in the public who seem more a prostitute?

· The painting is perceived differently at different moments in time because of ability to perceive the image by different scholars and ability to demonstrate the real idea which can be explained by different art works which were all explained by the way Manet explained their paintings.



Written Assignment 2: Revised, partially annotated bibliography, within categories, using correct bibliographic form





Beth Harland, John Gillett, Carl M. Mann, Jason Kass, Hayward J. Godwin, Simon P. Liversedge, and Nick Donnelly. “Modes of Address in Pictorial Art: An Eye Movement Study of Manet’s ’Bar at the Folies-Bergère’.Leonardo 47(2014): 241-314.

The article analyzes all about the pictorial art element which are manifested in the art from the front lady and the audience to all the elements which can be used to fully perceive and conceptualize the image. The article main purpose and contribution to the study is that it gives direct background information that best makes see the art from all angles.



Boime, Albert. “Manet’s “Un Bar Aux Folies-Bergère” as an Allegory of Nostalgia.” Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 56, (1993): 234-48.

The article still explains the art at different attributes which come hand in hand with the general and most central domain of the image serving with interest the elements which is more confusing and causing elements of discussion, that’s the mirror. In essence, the description of the article in in such a language which is easy to understand and shows how the artist used his style to present his ideas.


Collins, Bradford R. 12 Views of Manet’s Bar / Edited by Bradford R. Collins. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996 370-381.

The book entirely works on the art pictorial art of work of Manet’s art and picture which works all using different arts which happen in the bar. The book is worth because it entails all the aspects in comparison with other drawings and that makes it easy to understand even concepts which may not be understood by looking at the picture alone.


House, John. “Manet’s “Bar at the Folies Bergère”.” The British Art Journal 2, no. 2 (2000): 81.

The British art journal explains the aspect which revolve the renaissance period on how to analyze art and how Manet made it possible to analyze the image from his own point of view according to scholars. The article contribution makes the work so great.

The article does not tell how the art work departs form elements of Renaissance because as it is analyzed, it forms a great part of the many art works which all together being up the idea of renaissance and also elements of analyzing art. The journal what it does is shedding light on the many list of arts and collection similarity and point of perception from one art to the other form the same scholars and others.


Iskin, Ruth E. “Selling, Seduction, and Soliciting the Eye: Manet’s Bar at the Folies-Bergère.” The Art Bulletin 77, no. 1 (1995): 25-44.

The article part is very vital elements in the discussion as it analyzes the main concept of the work of art and how that makes the role of women in art and in selling their ideas and concepts. The article revolves most on the sales woman who is illustrated in the art.


“Model at Bar at Folies Bergeres, by Edouard Manet (1832-1883), Pastel.” 2014, Bridgeman Images: DeAgostini Library, 2014.

The reference belongs to a library which has the art which was drawn by Manet A Bar at the Folies-Bergère.


Thierry De Duve, and Brian Holmes. “How Manet’s “A Bar at the Folies-Bergère” Is Constructed.” Critical Inquiry 25(1998): 136-68.

The article pdf construction is very detailing with the picture which demonstrates most about the ill artist who even includes his friends in the art. It is very important to note that the contribution of the article to research and description sis that it adds more emphasis and information on the role and aspects which were manifested by the book and that makes it more satisfying to use and even approach the art.


Written Assignment 3: Explain how issues of economics and money have played a role in the scholarship or popular writing on your work of art

The issues of money and economics have played a significant role in the formal construction of scholars and most popular writing of the artwork because most of the scholars whom their work is available and famous contribution in art and others are great scholars who present the social life of Manet in consideration of the modern da lie in the city of London. In effect, lots can be said to be a contributing factor to how people would and respond to certain artwork. Economic relation of a scholar contributes to the entire outcome of the work.

In 1865, Manet painted the Olympia which was the awakening call to modernity art and which defiled all the formal constructions of doing art at the moment. At those point in the bar it had to have security. The paintings were sold to the government after his death. It can be said during the last 20 years of his life, his paintings were taking France by storm in a way it was not ready to accept and currently his paintings are among high priced commodities (Culture Shock: Flashpoints: Visual Arts: Edouard Manet’s Olympia).


Written Assignment 4: Summary of a relevant book review you read in connection with your Project Can you find a book review with which you agree and one with which you disagree? How can you ascertain the general standpoint of the reviewer from the review?


There are many articles and books which have explained the approach for the art work mand how to relate to each aspect of construction and design that Manet had in mind when describing the article. However, different websites including The Guardian have played a very significant role in explaining the art from different scholars. In the same review articles, there has been other ideas which contrast to the main ideas and approaches to the art. Although there is no open and a straight forward answer to the description, an individual opinion can be wrong depending on the set guidelines for artwork. The discussion focuses on the analysis between two different analysis with compare and contrast features.

The most interesting review is done under The Guardian by Jonathan Jones in 2000 where, the main features like it explained what was happening inside Manet’s mind. The resolution is done by contrasting many opinions from scholars to come up with the exact opinion. The people in the art are also names as to signify real people who were known to the public. The approach used to explain the work is very detailing and gives the work an entirely new look different from the perceptions before getting the article (Guardian News and Media, 2000).

The main subject in the art the woman who is not reflected in the mirror is Suzon who is said to have worked in Folies-Bergere. The connection between the art and renaissance its outstanding for instance, melancholic standing of Suzon is explained. In the entire review of the articles, it had not come clear the necklace she has been wearing all along had a meaning which is illustrated to be a locket signifying token from another life, different from the job she is presented to be doing. The entire description of the work is very detailing which made me fall in love with the review. The same idea that made Manet to draw the painting from different attributes show that the woman is somehow alienated from her surroundings.

The most interesting part is how the article would connect to analyze if the article was made in the same region or it was a merge from different location which all brought the wholesome idea about the painting. It is said the Suzon did not work at the bar and the coherency to make the things work as if in real life creates the inconsistency seen as the two images are merged. The explanation of the man with the top hat approaching Suzon and the reflection in real scenario the two images should be different (Guardian News and Media, 2000).

All the other books and articles and also my own imagination at first I thought Suzon was a prostitute, however, the article had different approach to the scenario, it point out that nothing depicts her as unchaste, the dislocation of Suzon can be said to be deliberate, she seems helpless, the flowers depicts sense of humanity with the blue clothes she is wearing however, that does not show anything close to prostitution. The article even points the man with the hat to be Jack the Ripper. The closing line says Manet captures coolness, cruelty and glamor of modern life (Guardian News and Media, 2000).

The second article which seemed a little off comparing with the first one because of the approach, it may seem a little diverse and ambiguous because from the description of mirror in the many vanitas paintings morros show certainty of death, transience of life and futility of pleasure for which in this context, for which the viewers are those viewing the mirror are feeling the vanity of pleasure which may not be the point in the image. The oranges are said to signify that the woman was a prostitute because such elements in such times barmaids were both the sales person and also commodity sold along with the drink. The mirror is brough up again to show the image of a person fraught with moral problem (Jones, 2019).

The entire review of the art shows direction all tied to show something negative about barmaid and also vitality of the image, for which as from the point of perception individually, the description of the art should be in such a way to capture the listener. Earlier I had understood that the pair of legs and green shows belonging to a trapeze artist for which many believed that it was Manet himself in contrast to his health, but the role explained in the article is that of making the room lively (Jones, 2019).

The outcome of the two article reviews shed more light to the art and shows how diverse perceptions and analysis can be for which its important to look at art form different points of perception to capture the real ideas behind it.

Professor comment: Are these reviews of scholarly books published in the Guardian or articles by scholars that were published in the Guardian?

Written Assignment 5: Identify a questionable use of appropriation of your work of art (or any other work of art), explain in a sentence or two why you think it questionable or unethical, and footnote the place where you found this appropriation. (This will also demonstrate your ability to use the correct form for footnotes, so you don’t have to worry about learning that right before you hand in your final paper.)

A questionable form of appropriation is seen in two ways both surrounding the man approaching the young woman. First, if he is not soliciting her for any sexual favors, it can be generally assumed that her body is for sale and like other scholar, she is a commodity which comes with sales service[footnoteRef:1]. Manet uses seduction and selling to present his main ideas. The gaze the man is giving the young girl who seems lost in imagination presents a puzzling and questionable imagination to the viewer, because it is presented as a reflection and the relation is left suspended in connection to what Manet had in mind and what the connection should be send to the viewers[footnoteRef:2]. The appropriation is unethical and wrong in the same time because generally all people should be termed as ends and not means; in that light, taking women as commodities even if they act so demeans the role played by women and womanhood in general. [1: Merritt, N. (2009). Paragraph 3] [2: Iskin, R. E. (1995). Paragraph 8]
















Culture Shock: Flashpoints: Visual Arts: Edouard Manet’s Olympia. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/cultureshock/flashpoints/visualarts/olympia.html.

Jones, C. P. (2019, November 9). Great Paintings: A Bar at the Folies-Bergère by Édouard Manet. Medium. https://medium.com/thinksheet/great-paintings-a-bar-at-the-folies-berg%C3%A8re-by-%C3%A9douard-manet-a6f444cca167.

Guardian News and Media. (2000, October 21). A Bar at the Folies-Bergere, Edouard Manet (1882). The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2000/oct/21/art.

Merritt, N. (2009). Manet’s Mirror and Jeff Wall’s Picture for Women: Reflection or Refraction?. Emaj (Electronic Melbourne Art Journal), (4).

Iskin, R. E. (1995). Selling, seduction, and soliciting the eye: Manet’s Bar at the Folies-Bergère. The Art Bulletin77(1), 25-44.

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